Canadian Arctic mining boom draws in China-backed MMG


Cecilia Jamasmie –

5 September 2012

China-backed metals producer MMG Ltd. might be the new kid on the Canadian Arctic block, but it is already announcing plans to build two mines in Nunavut in the next six years.

The company, until recently called Minmetals Resources, announced Tuesday that it had submitted a proposal for the Izok Corridor project which is situated east of Nunavut’s Bathurst Inlet. The endeavour includes the Izok Lake and High Lake deposits, and it will be reviewed by the Nunavut Impact Review Board and other authorizing agencies, beginning a process that could see production as early as the last quarter of 2018.

“The Izok Corridor Project is an important component of MMG’s zinc strategy as a number of major mines, including our own 500,000 tonne per annum Century mine in Australia,” said in a statement Michael Nossal, MMG’s Executive General Manager, Business Development.

The project is expected to produce an annual 180,000 tonnes of zinc in concentrate and 50,000 tonnes of copper in concentrate.

The grades detected in the area say it all: 12% zinc and 2.5% copper at Izok Lake, with similar grades at High Lake. By comparison major miners such as Chile’s Codelco, the world’s largest copper producer, are embarking on projects with grades below 1% in some cases.

Last June the Government of Nunavut announced it was in favour of uranium mining in the largest and newest federal territory of Canada, on the condition that the radioactive ore be used for peaceful and environmentally responsible purposes only.

Major mining companies currently conducting exploration work and mine developments in Nunavut, include Xstrata, AngloGold Ashanti, Commander Resources, Vale, XingXin Iron Pipes, Areva, and ArcelorMittal.


MMG forges ahead with Izok zinc-copper mine proposal

“The Izok Corridor Project is expected to provide a number of economic benefits to Nunavut”


4 September 2012

Nunavut’s Kitikmeot region may soon become home to a major mining project — not the once promising Hope Bay gold mine project near Cambridge Bay — but two major zinc and copper mines.

The Chinese-controlled Mineral and Metals Group announced Sept. 4 that it plans to submit its Izok Corridor Project proposal to the Nunavut Impact Review Board and other authorizing agencies to start the environmental assessment and regulatory review process.

MMG’s project includes the rich zinc and copper deposits located near Izok Lake and High Lake in western Nunavut.

“We have already started to inform and engage communities in the Kitikmeot region of Nunavut and will complete another full year of environmental baseline data collection,” said Michael Nossal, MMG’s executive general manager of business development. “The Izok Corridor Project is expected to provide a number of economic benefits to Nunavut, including the creation of employment, business opportunities, skills development and the payment of taxes to the federal, territorial and Inuit governments.”

MMG’s proposal sets out the preliminary mining and environmental plans for the Izok corridor project based on MMG’s 2011 pre-feasibility study.

The proposed Izok mine would include a two-million-tonne per year concentrator, which would also process the ore from the High Lake mine.

As for the proposed transportation route, it will likely be a 350-kilometre all-weather road to connect the Izok mine to a new port at Grays Bay with the capacity to ship 650,000 tonnes of concentrate per year.

The road will head east until it hits the company’s Gondor property, then turn north just past the Lupin mine, through the Jericho mine and High Lake, the second zinc-copper mine MMG proposes building.

From High Lake, the road will continue on to Grays Bay on Coronation Gulf, which lies east of Kugluktuk and west of Bathurst Inlet.

At Grays Bay, MMG will build a port that for three months of the year will ship ore in two directions through both ends of the Northwest Passage.

Five shipments would head eastwards and, on their return voyage, head west toward the Pacific.

MMG also has approximately 2,000 sq. km. of exploration properties including the High Lake East, Gondor and Hood projects where exploration programs are ongoing.

“The Izok Corridor Project is an important component of MMG’s zinc strategy as a number of major mines, including our own 500,000 tonne per annum century mine, wind down production over the next five years,” Nossal said in a Sept. 4 news release. “With global zinc supply expected to decline by up to 1.8 million tonnes over the next five years, the Izok Corridor Project represents an opportunity to meet medium- to long-term demand requirements for zinc-based products by industrial, commercial and residential sectors worldwide.”

Following its pre-feasibility study on the project completed in the second half of 2011, MMG started a feasibility study for the mine complex in 2012.

That $50-million feasibility study is expected to take 18 to 24 months to complete.

Nossal said the project includes “a strong commitment to sustainability.”

MMG is committed to responsible and sustainable development, and our focus remains on open relationships with our local communities and on minimizing potential impacts to the environment,” said Nossal.

Minmetals Resources, MMG’s parent, a global resources company which explores, develops and mines base metal deposits around the world, is owned 75 per cent by the Chinese government, although MMG is headquartered in Melbourne, Australia. Twenty-five per cent of the company’s shares are listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange.

It’s one of the world’s largest producers of zinc and also produces significant amounts of copper, lead, gold and silver.

MMG currently owns and operates the Century, Golden Grove and Rosebery mines in Australia, the Kinsevere mine in the Democratic Republic of Congo and the LXML Sepon mine in Laos.

The Izok Lake site was discovered in the late 1950s by geologists working for Texas Gulf Inc., who followed a trail of zinc sulphide boulders scattered across the land tens of thousands of years ago by receding glaciers.

They tracked that boulder trail back to Izok Lake.

The Izok Lake deposit was believed to be a sure thing in the early 1990s when one of its many owners, Metall Mining Corp., tried to move it into production.

Metall’s plans called for a $350-million open-pit mine at Izok Lake, and a $50 million deep-sea port on Coronation Gulf connected to the mine by a road.

But the project tanked in 1992 when the federal government refused to build the road and port for them and world zinc prices sank to historic lows.

Metall mothballed Izok Lake and eventually sold it to Inmet Mining Corp., who sat on the project but did little to develop it.

The on-again, off-again property passed through the hands of many owners, none of whom ever figured out how to economically mine and transport the region’s huge stores of zinc, copper and lead.

That’s because Izok Lake lies 350 km. from the ocean, just north of the Nunavut-Northwest Territories border, a location that demands an expensive all-weather road and port, such as those now proposed by MMG.

“Transportation was always the constraint,” Charlotte Mougeot, MMG’s environmental approvals manager, said last April at the Nunavut Mining Symposium in Iqaluit.

The MMG group emerged after 2009, when state-owned China Minmetals Corp. gobbled up nearly all mines and exploration projects controlled by Australia’s debt-ridden Oz Minerals Ltd.


KORES signs Greenland exploration deal

The Korean resources firm has agreed to work with NunaMinerals to look for joint rare earth and other strategic mineral projects

John Acher, Reuters –

10 September 2012

COPENHAGEN – State-owned Korea Resources Corporation (KORES) has agreed to work with Greenland mining firm NunaMinerals to seek opportunities for joint minerals projects, exploiting deposits of rare earths and other strategic metals.

The deal, signed during a visit to Greenland by South Korean President Lee Myung-bak on Sunday, reflects growing Asian interest in the minerals of the North Atlantic island.

Greenland, a self-governing province of Denmark with 57,000 inhabitants, has some of the world’s biggest deposits of rare earth elements, strategically important metals in which China has a near monopoly.

“We have had a lot of other Asian companies visiting us in the last few years, but this is the first concrete agreement,” NunaMinerals chief executive Ole Christiansen told Reuters by phone from Nuuk, Greenland, where the company is based.

KORES are trying to secure raw materials for the Korean industrial sector, and they have a list of commodities they want to work on worldwide,” he added.

No money changed hands under the memorandum of understanding, which Copenhagen-listed NunaMinerals said in a statement could in the longer term result in cooperative agreements on a number of mineral projects.

“This (...) could end up anywhere – as something or nothing,” Christiansen said. “They would be joint venture-type activities, as I read it now, but we are open to almost any kind of cooperation with KORES.”

NunaMinerals has a broad exploration portfolio, including gold and copper prospects.

But Christiansen said that KORES mainly seemed interested in rare earth elements, tungsten and cobalt in Greenland. “They are looking mainly for base metals and specialty metals.”

Rare earth elements are used in a wide variety of products from phones, televisions and cars to cruise missiles. Tungsten is another metal of which China is also the dominant producer and is used in auto manufacturing and in hard metals for mining and drilling.

Cobalt is used to produce high-strength steel alloys.

Analysts said interest in Greenland’s rare earth elements was one of the reasons for a three-day visit to Denmark in June by Chinese President Hu Jintao, though Danish officials said Arctic minerals were not discussed.

London Mining, a firm backed by Chinese steelmakers, is seeking permission to construct an iron ore mine northeast of Nuuk at a cost of $2.35 billion that would be the biggest industrial development in Greenland if sanctioned.

During Lee’s visit to Ilulissat on Greenland’s scenic west coast, Greenlandic and South Korean officials discussed topics ranging from climate change, to Arctic shipping and scientific cooperation, including geology, Greenland’s government said.

“South Korea has come to Greenland – and we have now established relations between our two countries,” Greenland’s Prime Minister Kuupik Kleist said in a statement. “The visit from South Korea is further evidence of Greenland’s strengthened international profile.”